How to Become a Web Developer
Web developers build websites, apps, and other systems using the necessary coding. They use designs to create the platform, creating a front-end product that mimics the design. They also must ensure that the backend code causes the website to function as it should.
A web developer is a professional who deals with the code of websites and applications, ensuring that they resemble their design and function as they should. Web developers are not involved in the design itself but should be able to replicate it through code.
These professionals are generally in charge of all aspects of a website, but larger websites may have specialist web developers for different areas of the website.
The duties of a web developer include:
- Discussing potential projects with clients and telling them how they can meet their needs.
- Collaborating with website designers to check that they can meet the design requirements.
- Working at the backend to build the website. They will need to build it from scratch and have a clear idea of how the backend code will produce the final product.
- Adding multimedia, which is often provided by the client.
- Ensuring that the site is mobile and tablet responsive.
- Troubleshooting the site for potential bugs and fixing these.
- Uploading the site onto a server.
Website developers work on a range of projects, including websites, intranets, CMS systems, and e-commerce stores. They may specialise in client-side coding, which is what the general public see when they visit a website, or server-side scripting, which is the functionality of a website behind the scenes. However, many web developers work on projects requiring them to do both.
Other topics that web developers should have a general knowledge of are user experience (UX), user interface (UI), and design software such as photoshop.
There are no necessary qualifications to become a website developer, but many candidates have a degree in maths, science, or computing. However, experience and coding knowledge are much more important than formal qualifications. Candidates can self-teach, or they can take web developer courses. They can also attend expos to network and learn more skills.
When applying for a job, candidates will typically need to have a portfolio of work. If it is their first job, developers will be expected to have created their own website or made a mock-up of a website. It is beneficial to gain some work experience, and it is easy to obtain; candidates could offer to redesign somebody’s website at low cost or for free.
As well as knowing all things web development, candidates should be patient and customer-focused. They will often find that they need to edit or redo pieces of work to meet customer expectations and should approach this with a positive attitude. While a lot of their work will be independent, they will also need to work with designers and website owners, so having a positive attitude towards teamwork is essential.
Web development is a growing industry, so job security is high. Moreover, an increasing amount of web developers are becoming self-employed, and work on a remote basis. While working on this basis means that web developers will have to market their skills, it also offers flexibility and location independence.
What degree is most commonly held by a Web Developer ?
- Bachelor of Arts
- Bachelor of Computer Sciences
- Bachelor of Robotics and Computer Control Systems
- Bachelor of Computer Programming
- Bachelor of Software Development
- Bachelor of Immersive Software Development
Career Transportability across Countries
What is the Salary of a Web Developer ?
|Experience||Average salary | year|
|Web Developer||1-3 yrs||$51,500||£35,000||$49,876|
|Supervising Web Developer||3-5 yrs||$58,100||£47,500||$55,418|
|Director - Web Development||5-10 yrs||$85,897||£66,700||$80,356|
What skills are needed to become a Web Developer ?
- Web Development
- Cascading Style Sheets (CSS)
- Web Design
- Front-end Development
- Microsoft Office
- Software Development
- Responsive Web Design
- Customer Service
Web Development Courses
Introduction to Web Development
UX Research at Scale: Surveys, Analytics, Online Testing
Build your skills in conducting UX surveys at scale to gain actionable UX insights with experts from the University of Michigan
UX Design: From Concept to Prototype
Better understand the UX design process and learn how to build a user-centred product from concept to prototype
3D Graphics for Web Developers
Use WebGL to develop high-quality interactive 3D graphics applications that run natively in browsers
Learn to Code for the Web
Building Web Applications in Django
Learn how to build and deploy web applications using the Django framework in the Python programming language
Web Application Technologies and Django
Discover the basics of web app development learn how a browser interacts with a server and use Django to build web pages easily
Web Development Microcredentials
Need even more evidence about why you should learn on FutureLearn?
UX Research at Scale: Surveys, Analytics, Online TestingBuild your skills in conducting UX surveys at scale to gain actionable UX insights with experts from the University of Michigan.Show course overview
UX Design: From Concept to PrototypeBetter understand the UX design process and learn how to build a user-centred product from concept to prototype.Show course overview
3D Graphics for Web DevelopersUse WebGL to develop high-quality, interactive 3D graphics applications that run natively in browsers.Show course overview