How to Become a Web Developer

Web Developer

Web developers build websites, apps, and other systems using the necessary coding. They use designs to create the platform, creating a front-end product that mimics the design. They also must ensure that the backend code causes the website to function as it should.

A web developer is a professional who deals with the code of websites and applications, ensuring that they resemble their design and function as they should. Web developers are not involved in the design itself but should be able to replicate it through code. 

These professionals are generally in charge of all aspects of a website, but larger websites may have specialist web developers for different areas of the website. 

The duties of a web developer include:

  • Discussing potential projects with clients and telling them how they can meet their needs.
  • Collaborating with website designers to check that they can meet the design requirements.
  • Working at the backend to build the website. They will need to build it from scratch and have a clear idea of how the backend code will produce the final product.
  • Adding CTAs, links, and imagery that are displayed in the design. They may use front end code like Javascript.
  • Adding multimedia, which is often provided by the client.
  • Ensuring that the site is mobile and tablet responsive.
  • Troubleshooting the site for potential bugs and fixing these.
  • Uploading the site onto a server.

Website developers work on a range of projects, including websites, intranets, CMS systems, and e-commerce stores. They may specialise in client-side coding, which is what the general public see when they visit a website, or server-side scripting, which is the functionality of a website behind the scenes. However, many web developers work on projects requiring them to do both. 

Web developers must be experts in at least one backend coding language, such as Ruby or Java. They should also know front end languages like Javascript. Knowledge of HTML, CSS and SEO is also crucial. 

Other topics that web developers should have a general knowledge of are user experience (UX), user interface (UI), and design software such as photoshop.

There are no necessary qualifications to become a website developer, but many candidates have a degree in maths, science, or computing. However, experience and coding knowledge are much more important than formal qualifications. Candidates can self-teach, or they can take web developer courses. They can also attend expos to network and learn more skills.

When applying for a job, candidates will typically need to have a portfolio of work. If it is their first job, developers will be expected to have created their own website or made a mock-up of a website. It is beneficial to gain some work experience, and it is easy to obtain; candidates could offer to redesign somebody’s website at low cost or for free.

As well as knowing all things web development, candidates should be patient and customer-focused. They will often find that they need to edit or redo pieces of work to meet customer expectations and should approach this with a positive attitude. While a lot of their work will be independent, they will also need to work with designers and website owners, so having a positive attitude towards teamwork is essential.

Web development is a growing industry, so job security is high. Moreover, an increasing amount of web developers are becoming self-employed, and work on a remote basis. While working on this basis means that web developers will have to market their skills, it also offers flexibility and location independence.  

What degree is most commonly held by a Web Developer ?

  • Bachelor of Arts
  • Bachelor of Computer Sciences
  • Bachelor of Robotics and Computer Control Systems
  • Bachelor of Computer Programming
  • Bachelor of Software Development
  • Bachelor of Immersive Software Development

Career Transportability across Countries

Transportability: High
Skilled web developers are required in almost every country around the world, and fully-trained professionals are not all that common. Therefore, it should be relatively easy for a skilled web developer to find work in another country. Many web developers also work remotely on a freelance basis, meaning that they can travel and work anywhere.

What is the Salary of a Web Developer ?

Experience Average salary | year
Web Developer 1-3 yrs $51,500 £35,000 $49,876
Supervising Web Developer 3-5 yrs $58,100 £47,500 $55,418
Director - Web Development 5-10 yrs $85,897 £66,700 $80,356

What skills are needed to become a Web Developer ?

  • JavaScript
  • HTML
  • Web Development
  • jQuery
  • Cascading Style Sheets (CSS)
  • HTML5
  • PHP
  • CSS
  • WordPress
  • MySQL
  • SQL
  • Git
  • React.js
  • Web Design
  • Node.js
  • Bootstrap
  • Front-end Development
  • Microsoft Office
  • Java
  • Software Development
  • Responsive Web Design
  • Sass
  • Github
  • Customer Service
  • C#

Web Development Courses

Candidates who want to become a web developer would benefit from taking some supplementary courses. To find out if web development is for you, you could try introduction to web development, or to learn more, check out become a developer.

  • Introduction to Web Development

    Discover web development and learn to build your own interactive websites using HTML CSS and JavaScript Supported by Google

  • UX Research at Scale: Surveys, Analytics, Online Testing

    Build your skills in conducting UX surveys at scale to gain actionable UX insights with experts from the University of Michigan

  • UX Design: From Concept to Prototype

    Better understand the UX design process and learn how to build a user-centred product from concept to prototype

  • 3D Graphics for Web Developers

    Use WebGL to develop high-quality interactive 3D graphics applications that run natively in browsers

  • Learn to Code for the Web

    Ever wondered what's behind your favourite websites and apps Get to grips with the basics of coding in HTML CSS and JavaScript

  • Building Web Applications in Django

    Learn how to build and deploy web applications using the Django framework in the Python programming language

  • Web Application Technologies and Django

    Discover the basics of web app development learn how a browser interacts with a server and use Django to build web pages easily

Web Development Microcredentials

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